On March 6, 1957, independence from Britain was granted and a national flag, based on the red-white-green tricolor of a patriotic organization, was hoisted. A black "lodestar of African freedom" was added and the white stripe was changed to yellow, symbolizing wealth. Green is for forests and farms, red for the independence struggle.

Location of Ghana

Official name: Republic of Ghana.

Form of government: unitary multiparty republic with one legislative house (House of Parliament [200]).

Head of state and government: President.

Population (1998): 18,497,000.

Population projection: (2000) 19,272,000; (2010) 22,929,000.

Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1990-95): 30.0 (world avg. 15.7).

Gross national product (1996): U.S.$6,223,000,000 (U.S.$360 per capita).

Land use (1994): forest 42.2%; pasture 36.9%; agriculture 19.0%; other 1.9%.
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