The flag was officially hoisted on Oct. 29, 1957, prior to independence (Jan. 1, 1960). Green is for the vegetation of the south, yellow for the savannas of the north, and red for union and sovereignty. Two yellow stars were added (for the British Cameroons) in 1961, but these were replaced in 1975 by a single star symbolizing national unity.
Official name: République du Cameroun (French); Republic of Cameroon (English).
Form of government: unitary multiparty republic with one legislative house (National Assembly ).
Chief of state: President.
Head of government: Prime Minister.
Population (1998): 15,029,000.
Population projection: (2000) 15,892,000; (2010) 20,632,000.
Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1995-2000): 27.4 (world avg. 15.7).
Gross national product (1996): U.S.$8,356,000,000 (U.S.$610 per capita).
Land use (1994): forested 77.1%; meadows and pastures 4.3%; agricultural and under permanent cultivation 15.1%; other 3.5%.